), elm (Ulmus spp.) It produces small (edible) berries that turn orange-red to dark purple. Black walnut wood is now relatively scarce and highly coveted, used mainly for high-quality woodworking and produces a delicious nut. ), maple (Acer spp. Cultivars selected for superior fall color include 'Autumn Applause' and 'Autumn Purple.'. Another name for a hardwood tree is, appropriately, broadleaf. While river birch's native habitat is wet ground, it will grow on higher land, and its bark is quite distinctive, making it a favored ornamental tree for landscape use. It’s additionally … Hardwood trees represent a group of trees that have broad leaves, produce a fruit or nut, are mostly deciduous and go dormant in the winter. It’s great if you need to keep a fire going at night. The black walnut used to be a very common old-growth forest tree. The tree hates shade (intolerant) and best growth occurs in a sunny open location and a moist rich soil, common along stream banks in its native habitat. Overcup oak is a medium-sized deciduous oak that is valued as a "white oak" wood. Pecan is, economically, the most important member of the hickory family, of the genus Carya. About To Show Your Hardwood Floor The Door? Hardwood species are not always necessarily stronger than softwoods, but many species are well known for their beautiful and distinct wood grain patterns. Naturally a moist bottomland or stream bank tree, it is hardy to climatic extremes. Northern red oak is well adapted to periodic fires. In the autumn they usually change color and drop. American holly typically grows as an understory tree in forests. Cucumber magnolia is one of the largest magnolias and one of the cold-hardiest. Branch of a bitternut hickory with developing nuts. Experts agree, American Hardwood sells! Dozens of red maple varieties have been developed and the tree is prized for its fall color. The American beech is a shade-tolerant species, favoring the shade more than other trees, and commonly found in forests in the final stage of succession called a climax forest. It grows moderately fast and produces acorns every 2 to 4 years that are used by wildlife for food. The Southern magnolia or bull bay, is a magnolia native to the southeastern United States, from coastal Virginia south to central Florida, and west to East Texas. Butternut is seriously threatened by an introduced canker disease called ​Melanconis. Black willow is named for its dark gray-brown bark. Winfield IL USA. Hardwood: Trees with broad, flat leaves as opposed to coniferous or needled trees. Bigleaf maple is the only commercially important maple of the Pacific Coast region. Northern red oak is an easily transplanted, popular shade tree with good form and dense foliage. The wood is extremely hard, resistant to rot and longlasting, making it prized for fence posts and small watercraft. https://www.wood-database.com/wood-articles/common-us-hardwoods Often these types of trees are harvested to make lost-lasting furniture, decks, flooring, and construction. Yellow birch thrives in moist woodlands and often seen on root stilts that have developed from seedlings that have grown on and over rotting stumps. Shagbark hickory has the most distinctive of all the hickory bark because of its loose-plated bark. Pignut hickory frequently grows on dry ridgetops and side slopes throughout its range but it is also common on moist sites, particularly in the mountains and Piedmont. This easily recognized and peeling birch bark is a winter staple food for moose even though the nutritional quality is poor. Still, it has been planted in cities and on farms because of its rapid growth. It is a moderately long-lived tree, with ages of up to 258 years known. Often, the wood of a downed paper birch will rot away leaving the hollow bark intact. Although these trees are often called hardwoods, wood hardness varies among the hardwood species. Red maple is adaptable to a very wide range of site conditions, perhaps more so than any other tree in eastern North America. Live oak is a symbolic tree of the Deep South. This tree makes a handsome shade tree. The large, three to six-inch long by two to three-inch-wide, shiny, dark green leaves turn bright yellow in fall and are quite noticeable in the northeastern United States. It is the largest native cherry and one of the most abundant wild fruit trees. The acorn or winter buds identify Nuttall oak, easily confused with pin oak (Q. palustris). The yellow poplar tree has very unique leaves with four lobes separated by rounded notches. Branches usually grow at different levels and never more than two at the same level. CONIFER TREES PINE FAMILY 60 Colorado Blue Spruce 61 Norway Spruce 62 Eastern Hemlock 63 Austrian Pine 64 Eastern White Pine 65 Loblolly Pine 66 Pitch Pine 67 Red Pine 68 Scotch Pine 69 Shortleaf Pine 70 Virgina Pine CYPRESS FAMILY 71 Eastern Redcedar INVASIVE TREES 72Callery Pear 73 Sawtooth Oak 74 Siberian Elm 75 Tree-of-Heaven 76 White Mulberry SPECIES ACCOUNTS Wood hardness varies among the hardwood species, and some are ... Deciduous Perennial plants which are normally leafless for some time during the year. The wood resembles elm but is difficult to work, rots easily and is a bad choice for planting in the landscape. Illinois State Champion cherrybark oak in (Quercus pagoda) Cache River State Natural Area. Live oak can grow to 80 feet tall with an equal or greater spread. It is the largest North American species in the Willow family and was the first tree species to be gene sequenced. Its hickory nut is edible and has a very sweet taste. Oxydendrum arboreum at Lake Hope State Park, Vinton County, Ohio, on the Furnace Trail. Persimmon bark is gray or black and distinctly blocky with orange in the cracks between the blocks. The name White ash derives from the blueish white undersides of the leaves. Cucumbertree is an excellent shade tree for parks and gardens and gets its common name for the color and shape of unique fruit that resembles a cucumber. They are usually identifiable by their differences in habitats: black tupelo on light-textured soils of uplands and stream bottoms, swamp tupelo on heavy organic or clay soils of wet bottomlands. Walter Siegmund/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 2.5, Jerzy Opioła/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY-SA 3.0, W.D. Scroll over the materials below for a 'snap shot' of their properties and click to learn more. ALDERASHASPENBASSWOODBIRCHCHERRYCOTTONWOOD, Dark wood paneling used just right | Erika Bierman Photography WS&A Public Relations reBUILD Workshop Veranda Designer Homes, https://www.facebook.com/AmericanHardwoods, https://www.pinterest.com/americanhardwds/, Incorporate American hardwoods into you homes and businesses to lessen climate change |, © 2020 Hardwood Manufacturers Association, How Selecting Materials Impacts Our Lives, Trend Alert: Wood Planks Warm up Ceilings and Walls, From modest to magnificent: Create an entertainment space for any home. Although American beech wood is heavy, hard, tough and strong, the tree is typically left during lumbering and often left uncut to grow. Common hardwood species include oak, maple, cherry, mahogany, and walnut. S. albidum is a host plant for the spicebush swallowtail. Sugar Maple is the major source of sap for making maple syrup and prized for furniture and flooring. Trees with superior genetics and located in a good growing environment.can potentially live 200 to 400 years. Wildlife and people harvest most of the nuts and those remaining produce seedling trees readily. Red oak is the fastest growing of all oaks and when on the right site, one of the largest and longest-lived. It can occur as far east as New England and southern Quebec where the soils are mesic with relatively high pH. Deciduous trees drop their leaves in the fall while coniferous trees keep their needles year round, except for tamarack which drops its needles in the fall. Sugar maple is a maple native to the hardwood forests of northeastern North America, from Nova Scotia west to southern Ontario, and south to Georgia and Texas. The Balm-of-Gilead poplar tree is an ornamental clone and hybrid of this tree. Steve Nix is a member of the Society of American Foresters and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. The osage orange creates a dense canopy, making it useful as a windbreak. The shagbark hickory (Carya ovata) is a common hickory in the eastern United States and southeast Canada. It is one of the few commercially important species found on poorly drained clay flats and low bottoms of the Gulf Coastal Plain and north in the Mississippi and Red River Valleys. Shagbark hickory wood is used for smoking meat and was used for making the bows of Native Americans of the northern area. The medium to large willow oak has unique willow-like foliage and is known for its rapid growth and long life. Types of hardwood and softwood explored. Black cottonwood, also known as western balsam poplar or California poplar, is a deciduous broadleaf tree species native to the upper western North America. The wood is the hardest and heaviest of all elms. A large, top quality black cherry, for example, would command a significant price premium as a veneer log, while limby and crooked sweetgum might be priced as pulpwood. The cherrybark tree has heavy strong wood and is considered a commercially desirable tree. Popular European and American hardwood trees are maple, oak, cherry, beech and ash. A North American custom is to use holly and mistletoe for decorating of homes and churches. Once extensively planted as a shade tree, Dutch elm disease has killed many of these. Hardwood trees typically produce denser wood than softwood trees and are often sought out for furniture making, construction and to make musical instruments, such as clarinets. Hackberry is easily distinguished by its cork-like bark with wart-like protuberances. In temperate and boreal latitudes they are mostly deciduous, but in tropics and subtropics mostly evergreen. 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