By comparison, according to another Army general, a 10:1 ratio was considered average and 25:1 was considered very good. The National Archives and Records Administration prepared these Vietnam War casualty lists by creating extracts from the military casualty data files in the Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense (Record Group 330). The Vietnam War was a long, deadly struggle that took place from 1954 to 1975 between North Vietnam and South Vietnam The U.S. National Archives shows that 58,220 U.S. soldiers perished. From Terry Fincher, one of the greatest photographers of the 20th century. Mary Ashton Livermore, a temperance worker, women's rights activist, lecturer, and writer. This database contains information about awards and decorations of honor awarded to U.S. and allied foreign military personnel during the Vietnam War. But Pisor also pointed out that “205 is a completely false number.” One had to meet certain criteria before being officially considered KIA at Khe Sanh. Phil Ochs, singer, songwriter, producer; best known for his protest songs of the 1960s. 9 Haunting and Rare Pictures of the Vietnam War. The 1968 Battle of Khe Sanh was the longest, deadliest and most controversial of the Vietnam War, pitting the U.S. Marines and their allies against the North Vietnamese Army.Both sides have published official histories of the battle, and while these histories agree the fighting took place at Khe Sanh, they disagree on virtually every other aspect of it. HistoryNet.com contains daily features, photo galleries and over 5,000 articles originally published in our various magazines. While climbing, the C-123 was struck by several bursts of heavy machine gun and recoilless rifle fire. Operation Pegasus casualties included 59 U.S. Army and 51 Marine Corps dead. Mobile combat operations continued against the North Vietnamese. U.S. reconnaissance forces continued to monitor the Ho Chi Minh Trail. Rather than being a few hundred or a thousand college students … Numbers certainly do not tell the whole story - or all of them - but they certainly paint a picture of lives lost and families devastated. Khe Sanh had long been responsible for the defense of Lang Vei. Seven miles west of Khe Sanh on Route 9, and about halfway to the Laotian border, sat the U.S. Army Special Forces camp at Lang Vei. North Vietnamese troops launched the Tet Offensive in January 1968, which was successful against South Vietnam and the U.S. Unlike the official figures, Stubbe’s database of Khe Sanh casualties includes verifiable names and dates of death. On June 19, 1968, another operation began at Khe Sanh, Operation Charlie, the final evacuation and destruction of the Khe Sanh Combat Base. Maurice White, singer, songwriter, musician, producer; founder of the band Earth, Wind & Fire; member of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Songwriters Hall of Fame and Vocal Group Hall of Fame. On Easter Sunday, April 14, the 3rd Battalion, 26th Marines (3/26), assaulted Hill 881 North in order to clear the enemy firing positions. Leonid Brezhnev, Soviet General Secretary of the Communist party and President of the Supreme Soviet from 1964 until 1982. For additional reading, see: Valley of Decision: The Siege of Khe Sanh, by John Prados and Ray W. Stubbe; and the official Marine Corps history, The Battle for Khe Sanh, by Moyers S. Shore II. RG 338 Records of U.S. Army Commands Gold Star Casualty Search. Army deaths at FOB-3, however, were not included in the official statistics either. This is useful for viewing the names of Gold Star veterans by localized regions within the state. For more great articles, subscribe to Vietnam magazine today! The Pegasus force consisted of the Army 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile) plus the 1st Marine Regiment. On April 6, a front-page story in The New York Times declared that the siege of Khe Sanh had been lifted. When an enemy rocket-propelled grenade killed 2nd Lt. Randall Yeary and Corporal Richard John, although these Marines died before the beginning of the siege, their deaths were included in the official statistics. The Marine Corps casualty reporting system was based on named operations and not geographic location. These forces, including support troops, totaled 20,000 to 30,000. Historian Ronald Spector, in the book After Tet: The Bloodiest Year in Vietnam, noted that American casualties in the 10 weeks after the start of Operation Pegasus were more than twice those officially reported during the siege. See a list of Cayuga Vietnam War Veterans. 1968 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; US 498 506 515 520 536 536 537 537 538 534 538 537 ALLIES 61 60 61 61 63 65 66 66 66 66 66 66 Vietnam War, Casualties Returned Alive, 1962-1979. Consequently, and unknown at the time, Operation Scotland became the starting point of the Battle of Khe Sanh in terms of Marine casualty reporting. ... David Kim Aasen ★ WA: 08-22-1967: Vietnam: Marines: 3: Steven Glenn Abbott . U.S. Involvement in the Vietnam War: The Tet Offensive, 1968 In late January, 1968, during the lunar new year (or “Tet”) holiday, North Vietnamese and communist Viet Cong forces launched a coordinated attack against a number of targets in South Vietnam.The U.S. and South Vietnamese militaries sustained heavy losses before finally repelling the communist assault. At 0330 hours, soldiers of the NVA 6th Battalion, 2nd Regiment, 325C Division, attacked the Marines on Hill 861. According to the official Marine Corps history of the battle, total fatalities for Operation Scotland were “205 friendly KIA.” The Marines recorded an actual body count of 1,602 NVA killed  but estimated the total NVA dead at between 10,000 and 15,000. The report, originally classified as secret, noted that intelligence from many sources indicated conclusively that the North Vietnamese had planned a massive ground attack against the base. Lewy estimates that 40,000 South Vietnamese civilians were assassinated by the PAVN/VC; 250,000 were killed as a result of combat in South Vietnam, and 65,000 were killed in North Vietnam. For them, the battle started when the North Vietnamese attacks began in January. They too were left out of the official Khe Sanh casualty count. In August 1964, North Vietnamese torpedo boats attacked two U.S. destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin, and President Lyndon B. Johnson ordered the retaliatory bombing of military targets in North Vietnam. The NVA surrounded Khe Sanh in an attempt to force the Marines to break out of their fighting positions, which would make it easier to engage and destroy them. Cicely Tyson, actress, best remembered for her role in The Autobiography of Ms. Jane Pittman. The Vietnam-Era Military Personnel Records is a huge archive that holds as many as 4,638,952 records in its massive collection. Enemy artillery rounds slammed into the runway. Since the Marines on board were not yet officially attached to the 26th Marine Regiment, their deaths were not included in the official Khe Sanh count, nor were the several other deaths associated with aircraft crashes. 1968 became the deadliest year of the war for US forces with 16,592 soldiers killed. At about 0640 hours the NVA 7th Battalion, 66th Regiment, 304th Division, attacked the Huong Hoa District headquarters in Khe Sanh village. By nearly every metric, the Vietnam War was, in the common sense of the word, a war.The United States committed some 550,000 troops to the Vietnam front at the height of the conflict, suffered more than 58,000 casualties, and engaged in battle after battle with communist forces in the region until its withdrawal in 1973. The Marines at Khe Sanh Combat Base broke out of their perimeter and began attacking the North Vietnamese in the surrounding area. Name Rank & Service Date of Death Location of Name; John S. Alling Jr. Sp. The fighting was heavy. Five Marines were killed on January 19 and 20, while on reconnaissance patrols. Ho Chi Minh’s oft-quoted admonition to the French applied equally to the Americans: “You can kill ten of my men for every one I kill of yours, but even at those odds, you will lose and I will win.” The calculation by Stubbe that approximately 1,000 Americans died on the Khe Sanh battlefield is especially compelling, given that Stubbe’s numbers are accompanied by names and dates of death. These combined sources report a total of 354 KIA. On July 11, the Marines finally left Khe Sanh. The most heavily used record group is: 1. None of the deaths associated with Scotland II are included in the official count. Home; Departments; Veterans' Service Agency; Memorials; Vietnam War Casualties; A; A; Vietnam War Casualties Veterans from Cayuga County, New York Who Gave Their Lives in Vietnam. Those 10 deaths were also left out of the official statistics. The NVA 304th Division’s history notes that on “9 July 1968, the liberation flag was waving from the flag pole at Ta Con [Khe Sanh] airfield.” On July 13, 1968, Ho Chi Minh sent a message to the soldiers of the Route 9–Khe Sanh Front affirming “our victory at Khe Sanh.”. RG 335 Office of the Secretary of the Army 5. Vietnam War, Awards and Decorations of Honor, 1965-1972. His estimated total of civilian deaths is 587,000. 1,200 civilians were killed by South Korean forces in Tay Vinh massacre between February 12 – March 17, 1966. The American military presence at Khe Sanh consisted not only of the Marine Corps Khe Sanh Combat Base, but also Forward Operating Base 3, U.S. Army (FOB-3). Gaynor, now 70, spent more than a year in Vietnam between 1967 and 1968, taking photographs as he went. RG 319 Army Staff 3. Founded her own suffrage paper, the Agitator, in 1869. On April 20, Operation Prairie IV began, with heavy fighting between the Marines and NVA forces. U.S. Marines in Vietnam, The Defining Year, 1968 like the preceding volumes in this series is largely based upon the holdings of the Marine Corps Historical Center. It was not sufficient to simply be an American military person killed in the fighting there during the winter and spring of 1967-68. US Marine Corps four-star general James L. Jones Jr.; Supreme Allied Commander in Europe (2003–2006); Commandant of the Marine Corps (1999–2003); National Security Advisor (2009–2010). On March 6, two U.S. Air Force C-123 cargo airplanes departed Da Nang Air Base en route to Khe Sanh. It is difficult to support the claim of an overwhelming American victory at Khe Sanh based solely on the ratios derived from the official casualty count. Both sides have published official histories of the battle, and while these histories agree the fighting took place at Khe Sanh, they disagree on virtually every other aspect of it. They were not included in the official Khe Sanh counts. Operation Pegasus, begun the day after Scotland ended, lasted until April 15. U.S., Veterans' Gravesites, ca.1775-2019 Marine Khe Sanh veteran Peter Brush is Vietnam Magazine’s book review editor. Biography of United States Marine Corps Group Burial: Vietnam War Casualties Of 6 June 1968. Westmoreland echoed this judgment in his memoirs, and, using exactly the same figures, concluded that the North Vietnamese had suffered a most damaging and one-sided defeat. The official, public estimate of 10,000 to 15,000 North Vietnamese KIA stands in contrast to another estimate made by the American military. Many American casualties were caused by the 10,908 rounds of rockets, artillery and mortars the North Vietnamese fired into the base and hill positions. MN: 07-03-1968: Vietnam: Marines: 6: Frederic Gustave Agather . The Army’s 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile), with more than 400 helicopters under its control, conducted airmobile operations deeper into enemy-controlled areas. Battlefield boundaries extended from eastern Laos eastward along both sides of Route 9 in Quang Tri province, Vietnam, to the coast. On June 28, a Communist spokesman claimed the Americans had been forced to retreat and that Khe Sanh was the “gravest tactical and strategic defeat” for the U.S. in the war. The distinctions between Operations Scotland, Pegasus and Scotland II, while important from the command perspective, were not necessarily apparent to individual Marines. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, D.C. has the names listed in chronological order by date of loss. By early 1967, the Marine position was reinforced to regimental strength. The Operation Scotland tactical area of responsibility (TAOR) was limited to the area around Khe Sanh along Route 9 in western Quang Tri province. Vietnam-Era Military Personnel Records, 1960's - 1970's . Khe Sanh is a village located near the Laotian border and just south of the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) that separated North and South Vietnam. Only those killed in action during Operation Scotland, which began on November 1, 1967, and ended on March 31, 1968, were included in the official casualty count. These include the official unit command chronologies, after-action reports, message and journal files, various staff studies, oral histories, personal papers, and reference collections. There was disease and rioting. The attack was to have been supported by armor and artillery. On May 7, 2019 the Honor States organization, in conjunction with Spirit of'45, was selected to be a featured content provider at the American Veterans Center hosted event in tribute to the 75th anniversary of D-Day. Taking a larger but more realistic view, the Khe Sanh campaign resulted in a death toll of American military personnel that approached 1,000. 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